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Due to the recent emergence, awareness and popularity of CBD (cannabidiol), there is much misinformation and confusion about what this CBD chemical compound is, what it can or cannot do, and what it is and what it is not. We at El Sol Wellness want you to not only be educated about CBD but feel comfortable about making good decisions about selecting quality CBD products to improve your well-being.
WHAT IS CBD
CBD (or cannabidiol) is one of over 100 natural occuring compounds called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. CBD is one of two most prominent cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. It is present in more significant quantities in the hemp plant than in the marijuana plant. And because it’s non-intoxicating, CBD is widely regarded to possbily possess promising health benefits with zero to minimal side effects.
WHAT ARE CANNABINOIDS
There are two types of cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are found in the cannabis plant. Our bodies however also produces cannabinoids naturally as part of our biology. These are called endocannabinoids (endo-which means in the body).
SO HOW DOES CBD WORK
It is important to understand how CBD works and interacts in our bodies. The system that CBD affects in our bodies is known as the ENDOCANNABIOD SYSTEM (ECS). It is composed of endocannabinoids and is found in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (nerves and spinal cord) in all mammals which regulates several physiological and cognitive processes. Basically it interacts with every organ in the body and helps to maintain homeostasis and balance.
An out of balance body over time can increase the chance of developing disease or sickness. There are receptors in the ECS and the two most researched receptors are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBD utilizes these receptors to affect the ECS.
SO WHAT ARE THE CB1 AND CB2 RECEPTORS?
These receptors are located throughout the brain, central nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and related organs. These receptors enhance the pychoactive effects of THC.
These receptors are located throughout the immune system. They are also common in the brain although not as much as the CB1 receptor. CB2 sites are also in great abundance throughout the gastrointestinal system.
It is possible to possess endocannbinoid deficency which is simply a lack of endocannabinoids in the body. This type of deficiency can be a cause of many diseases and illnesses that may include migraines, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and many other diseases and conditions. This is where cannabinoids may be beneficial. CBD can improve the function of the ECS by preventing the breakdown of endocannabinoids, therefore maintaining homeostasis in our bodies.
So how does CBD benefit me? If you possess ailments, a disease, or suffer with a chronic condition, you might find relief by considering adding CBD nutrition to your journey for better health and well-being. While there is still much to be learned about what CBD can do, CBD has shown to be a powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. On the other hand, if you do not suffer from a chronic condition, not only can CBD be taken as a supplement for general well being but might also be an alternative to ad to your general well being.
IS CBD SAFE TO USE
While there is still much to learn, CBD is considered safe to use. There is still research needed to discover whether there are major side effects. This is the reason why clinical trials are necessary before legalization can take place. Interim results of a clinical trial released by GW Pharmaceuticals showed that...
"the safety profile of CBD was particularly reassuring,with no serious adverse events and an overall frequency of adverse events very similar to placebo. The most common adverse events occurring in 5% or more of patients were Diarrhea, Nausea, and Headaches."
However, unlike many medications and pharmaceutical products that possess many side effects, CBD is overall well tolerated with these minimal side effects. In either case, it is highly recommended you consult with your physician or healthcare provider before using CBD.
ISOLATE, BROAD OR FULL SPECTRUM CBD
Full spectrum CBD oil is a full plant extract that contains all of the naturally occuring cannabinoids that are present in the cannabis or hemp plants. Full spectrum also contains the plant's terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, and plant proteins which also have potential benefits. Full spectrum CBD also contains trace amounts of THC. Full spectrum must contain less than 0.3% which is the legal limit and is considered industrial hemp. Having all of these compounds working together creates what is known as the "Entourage Effect", in which the benefits of each of these compounds are maximized to give you the greatest benefit.
This form of CBD is essentially Full Spectrum but without non-detectable tested THC. Broad Spectrum is created by taking the Full Spectrum extract and further processing it by removing any remaining trace amounts of THC. Broad Spectrum will still contain the full array of other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals and plant proteins and will still work together to create the maximizing the benefit of the "Entourage Effect" that the full spectrum provides.
Isolate CBD on the other hand is when the CBD is separated from all other compounds that are present in the plant. To create this isolate, the CBD oil is subjected to further filter processing until there is a white crystalline, odorless, and flavorless white powder, which is typically 99% pure CBD oil and will contain non-traceable tested THC.
WHAT ARE TERPENES
Terpenes are essential oils that are responsible for the aroma and taste of many plants and plant-derived products. Terpenes are found in many plants that include fruits, vegetables, and other botanicals. In cannabis and hemp plants, terpenes are the compounds that give the plant it's aromatic and unique smell or scent. As a matter of fact, there are approximately 200 terpenes found in the cannabis plant.
Terpenes fortunately happen to be very healthy for consumption because of their therapeutic effect on people. While many terpenes exist in the plant, here is a list of the most common found and the benefits they provide.
ALPHA-PINENE - An essential pine oil, pinene promotes memory retention, alertness, and known to be a bronchodilator which can beneficial to someone with asthma.
MYRCENE - This terpene is known to have anti-inflammatory benefits as well as an analgesic, a sedative, and as a muscle relaxant.
LIMONENE - This terpene has shown to improve mood, as an anticonvulsant, and relieve heart burn as well as gastrointestinal reflux.
LINALOOL - This terpene compound has also shown to be a strong anticonvulsant, can have an anti-depressant effect, and can also ease anxiety and stress.
BETA-CARYOPHALLENE - This compound has also shown to be promising for gastrointestinal ailments such as certain ulcers and even possess benefits as an anti-inflammatory as well as autoimmune disorders since it can bind to the CB2 peripheral receptors of the (ECS) endocannabinoid system.